(Note: sometimes this process may vary)
The new site is leveled, graded, and then staked out. This will serve as the place to dig and start pouring your foundation. Footings are installed, as well as a well if needed. Then an inspection takes place to ensure this foundation is sound and ready to built upon.
Next, framing occurs. The walls will start to come to life and you will see a rough outline of the new house you will be living in. House wrap then covers the exterior walls to protect from rain, snow, sleet, etc.
Insulation comes next and this is blown-in on the exterior walls and regular insulation for the interior walls. You will notice energy efficiency increases with the use of both of these.
Once your walls are insulated around all of the pipes, electric wires, etc., drywall can be installed. This will go up in boards and then taped and mudded. This is the actual wall that you usually see and touch. Exterior finishes such as brick or stone are also applied at this time.
Now, doors, trim, cabinets, countertops, hardwood, tile flooring, stairs, etc. are installed. This really makes your home come to life. Painting also occurs at the same time. Things can get a little hectic and busy at this time, but it just means the finishing touches are happening.
Light fixtures, outlets, and final plumbing fixtures are now put in. HVAC equipment is finalized as well to get the home ready to be lived in. All mirrors, shower doors, carpet, etc. are put in as well. This means construction really is coming to a close. Now your final inspection takes place to ensure the home is livable and safe. Once this is complete, a certificate of occupancy is issued, meaning that the home is safe to live within.
Now, the punch list is completed and you are ready to move in. Once the bank closes on your loan, that is.